Updated: Sep 2007, for 10.1.3.3, download code here.
Oracle’s scalable application architecture in combination with the BPEL architecture combines the best elements to create a high available and high performance environment. Using tools to develop BPEL applications can be very complex when multiple environments exist.
In general there are the following environments;
This paper describes a solution to develop applications based on BPEL for multiple environments.
In general development of BPEL processes is done via an IDE tools. These tools are:
Combining these tools make is in general enough for designing and implementing BPEL applications.
It will be more complex if design and development must be done for various environments; developing new BPEL applications in development environment and fixing BPEL processes in a production environment.
The obant tool can compile from a current directory an ANT build.xml file. It will read the XML tags from this and interpret them. Oracle Jdeveloper generates this build.xml file when a new BPEL process is created.
It is possible to extend this “build.xml” file with other ANT tasks. But this is not logical. When developing BPEL applications, it will result in many BPEL processes, each having it’s own “build.xml” file.
A solution could be to have a general “build.xml” that is able to compile the BPEL processes.
A feature of the current obant tool, is that is only possible to use the core ANT tasks. It is not possible to use the optional tasks or even extend it with other tasks without changing the obant script.
The solution described in the next paragraphs will take this into account. The solution will cover the following features and can be easily change and extended to customer requirements:
- Using full ANT tasks features
- Multiple environments
- Compiling multiple BPEL processes
- Deployment to cluster environment
Apart of using a version control tool to maintain all the files in a central repository, the files must be downloaded from this repository onto the hard drive. As source control tools as Oracle Source Control Management, SubVersion, CVS and ClearCase can be used.
The directory structure for this solution is as follows:
The meaning of the directory names is mentioned in the next table.
|/home/mkelderm/projects/bpel||The base directory of the BPEL application|
|ant||The location of the ANT scripts.|
|ant/doc||The location of the documentation that you are reading.|
|ant/properties||The location of the properties files that the ANT build script is reading. For each environment an separate property file is created.|
|ant/templates||In this directory the BPEL templates are located. By default an empty, asynchronous and a synchronous BPEL process are located here.|
|source||In this directory all the source code that is related to the BPEL application is located beneath here.|
|source/default||The BPEL domain.|
|source/default/dev||The environment that is valid for the BPEL application. By default ‘dev’ is used. This could also be ‘test’, ‘prod’ or even version number.|
|source/default/dev/custom||Any addition code, non-BPEL processes, related to the BPEL application is located here. For example custom Java code.|
|source/default/dev/HelloWorld||As example a BPEL process is located beneath the ‘dev’ directory. In this case the BPEL process HelloWorld. Each BPEL process has its own sub directory.|
|derived||Any file that is not source code related but can be derived from the source code is located here. For example compiled BPEL processes (JARS), java classes, java documentation|
|derived/default/dev/custom||Custom derived code; for example classes|
|derived/default/dev/HelloWorld||The BPEL process HelloWorld containing the jar file.|
|derived/default/dev/ear||The derived EAR file, used form deployment|
|derived/default/dev/war||The derived WAR file, used form deployment|
Based on the previous directory structure a script is made that takes control over these directories and fulfill the appropriate actions onto it. The script is made generic so that any other structure can be implemented.
Build Script: OBBUILD.SH - Configure
Based on the obant tool, as part of the Oracle BPEL PM 10g. A script is made that is able to full-fill the same functions. There are some differences. The script will use the full version of ANT, it will not use the tool obant.
The script expects that a full-version of ANT is downloaded and installed on the machine on the script executed. ANT and an additional library are found on the following locations:
The “obbuild.sh” will use the above ANT versions and reference to the Oracle BPEL environment. Within the three environment settings must be checked before this script can be executed. The settings are:
Build Script: OBBUILD.SH – Options
The script has a help function to show the possible options.
obbuild.sh [-[hvtV] [-e environment] [-f build-file]
[-r replace-file] [task] [arg1] [arg2] .. [arg6]]
-h Shows this help
-v Show the version of this program
-t Show all the tasks in the build file
-e Select envirnonment property file, default 'dev', reading dev.properties
-f Read a specific build file, default is build.xml in current directory
-r Read a specific replacement file,
use for promoting BPEL process to other environments.
-V Show verbose output
task The task to be executed, default is main
arg1..6 Optional arguments passed to the build file
as properties ANT.ARG1..ANT.ARG6
The script is reading a “build.xml” file to perform all the ANT tasks. By default it look in the current directory for the “build.xml”. With the option –f another build file can be mentioned. The –e option set the environment. In this file settings for a specific environment can be set; development, system test, production etc. By default it tries to read the “dev” environment; ./properties/dev.properties. The task is the task that ANT will be executed. By default it looks for the “main” task. Depending on the task, additional arguments can de given.
Build Script: OBBUILD.SH – Examples
Start the script with no arguments. It searches for the ./properties/dev/properties file and ./build.xml file and execute the “main” task of this file.
List all the tasks from the default build.xml file.
obbuild.sh –f /home/user/bpel/build.xml
It reads the build.xml from another location.
obbuild.sh –e systemtest
It reads the properties file named systemtest from ./properties/systemtest.properties.
obbuild.sh –f /home/user/bpel/build.xml –e systemtest CompileBPEL
Compile all the BPEL processes for the systemtest environment using a specific build file.
Build Script: build.xml
The build.xml file contains all the functions to maintain BPEL processes. Currently the following tasks are available
obbuild.sh: Tasks in ./build.xml
_Init - Internal: Initialize environment
_CleanSVN - Internal: remove svn files
_CheckoutLatest - Internal: Checkout the latest sourcecode from SVN
_CheckoutVersion - Internal: Checkout the particular version from SVN
CreateDirs - Create directory structure
CreateNewProcess - Create a new BPEL process, based on a template
Compile - Compile one or all BPEL processes (
DeployLocal - Deploy one or all BPEL processes to a domain
on the local server
Download - Download latest source code
CreateWar - Create WAR file, containing all the BPEL processes
CreateEar - Create BPEL ear file
main - Default task
Promote - Find/Replace on one or more BPEL processes,
DeploySCP - Deploy one or all BPEL processes to a domain
on a remote server [arg1=[Bpel-process|all]]
This task creates an initial directory structure as mentioned previously.
Example: For the prod environment create a new structure
obbuild.sh –e prod CreateDirs
Create a new BPEL process based on a template.
obbuild.sh CreateNewProcess async CheckCredit
Compile all the BPEL process for an environment.
Download source code from source repository.
This is not implemented because it depends on customer requirements.
Create a WAR file containing all the compiled BPEL processes for a specific environment. By default bpel.war is created.
obbuild.sh CreateBPELWar [
Create a EAR file containing the WAR file. By default bpel.ear is created.
obbuild.sh CreateBPELEar [
This solution is an extension or best practice of developing BPEL processes in a multi environment. It takes also into account the full features of ANT and the possibility to deploy to multiple environments.
The example code of the script can be found here.